ARPA-E Archived Funding Opportunities

DE-FOA-0002107: Design Intelligence Fostering Formidable Energy Reduction and Enabling Novel Totally Impactful Advanced Technology Enhancements (DIFFERENTIATE)

The DIFFERENTIATE program seeks to enhance the pace of energy innovation by incorporating machine learning into energy technology development processes. By doing so, this program aims to enhance the productivity of energy engineers in helping them to develop next-generation energy technologies.

The DIFFERENTIATE program seeks to develop machine learning tools that:

  1. Enhance the creativity of the hypothesis generation (i.e. conceptual design) process by helping engineers develop new concepts and by enabling the consideration of a larger and more diverse set of design options during the hypothesis generation phase,
  2. Enhance the efficiency of the high-fidelity evaluation (i.e. detailed design) process by accelerating the high-fidelity analysis and optimization of the hypothesized solution, and
  3. To ultimately reduce (ideally eliminate) design iteration by developing the capability to execute “inverse design” processes in which the product design is effectively expressed as an explicit function of the problem statement.

In order to facilitate the achievement of the above-mentioned objective, ARPA-E is issuing this FOA to encourage teams consisting of mathematicians, operations research analysts, computer scientists, energy engineers, and others with applicable skills and experience to jointly work on developing the tools required to enhance the creativity and efficiency (i.e. productivity) of the energy technology design process.


  • DIFFERENTIATE DE-FOA-0002107 FA FOA Mod 02 (Last Updated: 7/31/2019 04:11 PM ET)

Previous Versions

  • DIFFERENTIATE DE-FOA-0002107 CP FOA (Last Updated: 4/4/2019 02:58 PM ET)
  • DIFFERENTIATE DE-FOA-0002107 FA FOA (Last Updated: 7/11/2019 02:17 PM ET)

Application Forms and Templates

The following forms and templates may be used as part of the application submission. Note that these forms and templates do not necessarily constitute all the documents required for a complete application. Please refer to the 'Application and Submission Information' of the published announcement to learn more about the required application content requirements.

View Application Forms and Templates

Concept Paper

  • DIFFERENTIATE- Concept Paper Template (Last Updated: 10/2/2019 01:39 PM ET)

Full Application

  • DIFFERENTIATE - Technical Volume Template (Last Updated: 7/11/2019 10:02 AM ET)
  • SF-424 (Last Updated: 7/11/2019 10:43 AM ET)
  • Budget Justification Workbook / SF-424A (Last Updated: 7/11/2019 10:42 AM ET)
  • Budget Justification Workbook / SF-424A Guidance (Last Updated: 7/11/2019 10:42 AM ET)
  • Business Assurances & Disclosures Form (Last Updated: 7/11/2019 10:42 AM ET)
  • Business Assurances & Disclosures Form - Sample (Last Updated: 7/11/2019 10:43 AM ET)
  • Summary Slide Template (Last Updated: 7/11/2019 10:54 AM ET)
  • Summary For Public Release Template (Last Updated: 7/11/2019 10:44 AM ET)
  • US Manufacturing Plan Template (Last Updated: 7/11/2019 10:45 AM ET)
  • Replies to Reviewer Comments Template (Last Updated: 7/11/2019 10:43 AM ET)

Contact Information

    Please contact the email address above for questions regarding ARPA-E’s online application portal, ARPA-E eXCHANGE.
    Please contact the email address above for questions regarding Funding Opportunity Announcements. ARPA-E will post responses on a weekly basis to any questions that are received. ARPA-E may re-phrase questions or consolidate similar questions for administrative purposes.

Submission Deadlines

  • Concept Paper Submission Deadline: 5/20/2019 9:30 AM ET
  • Full Application Submission Deadline: 8/26/2019 9:30 AM ET
  • View Full Application Reviewer Comments Period: 10/7/2019 5:00 PM ET – 10/10/2019 5:00 PM ET