ARPA-E Archived Funding Opportunities


Building heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) accounted for 14.0% of primary energy consumption in the United States in 2013, or 13.6 quadrillion British thermal units (“quads”) per year. In addition to the season and weather in various U.S. regions, this consumption is determined by the heating and cooling facilities in the buildings, by the thermostat settings and other choices of building managers and occupants, and finally by the building envelopes. Windows are essential and costly elements of building envelopes, and the heat that flows out through windows in cold weather across the U.S. consumes about 3.9 quads of primary energy. The ARPA-E Single-pane Highly Insulating Efficient Lucid Designs (SHIELD) program seeks to reduce this consumption by funding the development of energy-efficient and cost-effective retrofits for the substantial remaining stock of single-pane windows in the U.S. ARPA-E analysis indicates that a fully successful single-pane retrofit campaign will reduce total building energy consumption by 1.2 quads, or 1.3% of domestic energy use. As envisioned in this SHIELD program, it will also address the water condensation and occupant discomfort that are associated with single-pane windows in cool climates.


  • SHIELD - Full Application FOA - MOD 02 - 04.07.2016 (Last Updated: 4/7/2016 04:29 PM ET)

Previous Versions

  • SHIELD FOA - Concept Paper - 10.06.2015 (Last Updated: 10/6/2015 01:25 PM ET)
  • SHIELD FOA - Full Application - MOD 01 - 01.21.2016 (Last Updated: 1/21/2016 05:39 PM ET)

Application Forms and Templates

The following forms and templates may be used as part of the application submission. Note that these forms and templates do not necessarily constitute all the documents required for a complete application. Please refer to the 'Application and Submission Information' of the published announcement to learn more about the required application content requirements.

View Application Forms and Templates

Concept Paper

  • SHIELD Concept Paper Template (Last Updated: 10/6/2015 01:33 PM ET)

Full Application

  • SF- 424 (Last Updated: 1/21/2016 05:48 PM ET)
  • SHIELD - Technical Volume Template (Last Updated: 1/21/2016 05:42 PM ET)
  • Budget Justification / SF-424A - Workbook (Last Updated: 1/21/2016 05:43 PM ET)
  • Budget Justification / SF-424A Workbook Guidance (Last Updated: 1/21/2016 05:43 PM ET)
  • Business Assurances & Disclosures Form (Last Updated: 1/21/2016 05:45 PM ET)
  • Business Assurances & Disclosures Form - Sample (Last Updated: 1/21/2016 05:45 PM ET)
  • SHIELD - Summary Slide Template (Last Updated: 1/21/2016 05:42 PM ET)
  • Summary for Public Release Template (Last Updated: 1/21/2016 05:46 PM ET)
  • Replies to Reviewers Comments Template (Last Updated: 1/21/2016 06:27 PM ET)

Contact Information

    Please contact the email address above for questions regarding ARPA-E’s online application portal, ARPA-E eXCHANGE.
    Please contact the email address above for questions regarding Funding Opportunity Announcements. ARPA-E will post responses on a weekly basis to any questions that are received. ARPA-E may re-phrase questions or consolidate similar questions for administrative purposes.

Submission Deadlines

  • Concept Paper Submission Deadline: 11/18/2015 5:00 PM ET
  • Full Application Submission Deadline: 3/4/2016 5:00 PM ET
  • View Full Application Reviewer Comments Period: 4/15/2016 5:00 PM ET – 4/19/2016 5:00 PM ET